What is cucumber framework in selenium
Cucumber is a Behavior Driven Development (BDD) testing framework that can be used with Selenium. It is designed to help testers write test scenarios in natural language that can be easily understood by business stakeholders.
Cucumber uses a plain-text feature file written in Gherkin language, which is a business-readable domain-specific language that describes the behavior of a software application in a structured manner. Gherkin allows stakeholders, developers, and testers to collaborate and understand the requirements of the software application being developed.
Cucumber can be integrated with Selenium to automate the tests described in the feature files. The test steps are defined as step definitions in Java, which are mapped to the corresponding steps in the feature file. When the test is executed, Cucumber reads the feature file and runs the mapped step definitions using Selenium to interact with the application being tested.
Cucumber provides a number of benefits when used with Selenium, including improved communication between stakeholders, easy-to-understand tests, and improved test coverage. It also supports parallel test execution, test reporting, and integrations with other tools like JUnit and TestNG.